Vanguard International Shares MSCI Index fund (ASX:VGS) ETF is an Exchange Traded Fund which tracks the MSCI World (ex-Australia) index to provide Australian investors with exposure to global stock markets. It is run by the worlds most trusted provider of ETFs (Vanguard), and the ETF alone holds over (AUD) $2.2 Billion of some of the worlds biggest names such as Apple, Amazon and Microsoft. VGS holds 1547 individual global stocks, and has a Management Expense Ratio (MER) of .18% or 18 basis points.
This article will provide an overview of the Vanguard International Shares ETF (ASX:VGS) and explore its structure, management, holdings, past performance and fee structure to explore whether I will personally add it to my ‘FI Portfolio’.
“Vanguard MSCI International Shares Index ETF seeks to track the return of the MSCI World ex-Australia Index (with net dividends reinvested) in Australian dollars before taking into account fees, expenses and tax.”Vanguard VGS investment objective
Vanguard International Shares MSCI Index fund (ASX:VGS) ETF forms part of Vanguards wider International shares pool with a total fund size approaching (AUD) $20 Billion (total fund size $19,493.0 Million). The Fund currently holds 1547 individual shares across 20 of the worlds largest developed economies, but due to market cap is dominated by nearly two thirds US shares.
“The ETF provides exposure to many of the world’s largest companies listed in major developed countries. It offers low-cost access to a broadly diversified range of securities that allows investors to participate in the long-term growth potential of international economies outside Australia. The ETF is exposed to the fluctuating values of foreign currencies, as there will not be any hedging of foreign currencies to the Australian dollar.”Vanguard VGS Fund Overview
Benefits of investing in Vanguards Exchange Traded Funds include;
Competitive long-term performance: Vanguard’s investment approach provides investors with an efficient way to capture long-term market performance.Vanguard Australia
Diversification: The Fund invests in a diversified portfolio of securities, which means the Fund is less exposed to the performance fluctuations of individual securities.
Low cost investing : The Fund has low ongoing fees as we strive to minimise the costs of managing and operating the Fund.
The top holdings of VGS are Apple, Microsoft, Amazon, Alphabet (Google) and Facebook. These 5 stocks make up just over 15% of the fund. This is still a huge portion of the portfolio to be in a only a handful of US tech stocks, but it is reassuring to know that the fund is broadly diversified with over 1500 companies spread across different markets and sectors.
VGS has over a two-third weighting into US stocks due to their huge global market capital. The next largest market allocations include Japan, the United Kingdom, France and Canada and these five economies make up over 86% of the entire fund.
VGS has the highest sector allocation to Information Technology, or Tech stocks. However, this is only about one fifth of the portfolio, with Health Care, Consumer discretionary spending, Financials and Industrial sectors being the next largest and collectively making up over two thirds of the entire fund (70.1%).
The entire VGS Fund portfolio consists of 1547 individual companies across 20 of the worlds largest developed economies. It would be ridiculous to list them all here, but if you want to see exactly whats in VGS head to Vanguard and check out their VGS Portfolio Data section.
Vanguard International Shares ETF has provided returns slightly above its benchmark index, with an average return of 11.74% since inception in November 2014. This makes the fund very young, with only 6 years worth of performance data currently. This is broken down into 9.6% annualised capital growth and a dividend yield of 2.1% (which is unfranked as the ETF does not contain any Australian shares).
In my opinion, 6 years is not a long enough time frame to get an understanding of its long term performance, and it is also important to remember that past performance is no indicator of future performance and the price of VGS could go up or down depending on market conditions.
I expect that VGS should have a decent long term performance based purely off the fact that it is a low-cost global index ETF with over 1500 holdings and therefore holds an exceptional number of profitable, blue chip companies. I find it highly unlikely that all of these companies would suddenly all start performing badly or go bust at once (although COVID-19 has shown us the impact that a pandemic can have on particularly smaller companies right across the board). I think volatility or poor short term performance is probably more likely going to be linked to investor sentiment and fear.
VGS has a Management Expense Ratio (MER) of .18% or 18 basis points. This means an investment of $10,000 in Vanguards VGS ETF would cost you $18 per year in management fees. This is subtracted from your return so you won’t actually ever pay this fee directly.
In my mind, this is fairly high for an ETF and I think it would be better to see this MER down closer below .10%.
Currently, I get my international exposure from two Vanguard funds; Vanguard Total US Shares (ASX:VTS) and Vanguard Global Shares ex-US (ASX:VEU). Switching to Vanguard International Shares ETF (ASX:VGS) would simplify my portfolio as it would mean I would only have to choose between two core ETFs instead of three when re balancing or building my portfolio; my decision would then only be between Australian ETF Betashares A200 (ASX:A200), and Vanguard International shares (ASX:VGS).
Exploring the issue a little more deeply, VGS is made up of about about two thirds US market. Holding an equal weight of VTS and VEU in my portfolio would give me a little less exposure to the US market – down to 50% rather than 68% I would get from VGS alone. Thus holding the VTS + VEU provides greater international diversification, which I think is a good thing to have.
In terms of share ownership, VTS (3464) and VEU (3455) have a total of 6,919 underlying company share holdings, compared to VGS 1547 holdings. Also, VEU provides a bit more diversification into China with companies like AliBaba, Tencent, Nestle SA and Roche Holdings (some of these are still in VGS, just in smaller percentages).
In terms of Management fees, an equal weight of VTS and VEU would give an average Management Expense Ratio of .055%, or 5.5 Basis points (which is the average of the MER of VEU at .08%, and VTS at .03%). For some reason, the Vanguard VGS fund has a MER of .18%, or over three times the cost of VTS + VEU. In this regard, I personally prefer holding VTS + VEU over VGS.
You might also consider the extra cost of brokerage for re balancing – this would be lower with an A200 + VGS core holding rather than an A200 + VTS + VEU core holding, since you have less ETFs to balance – in my scenario this is negligible. In the accumulation phase I re-balance by buying and the number of funds doesn’t matter because I only ever put it all into one ETF per transaction. I plan in the retirement phase to only re-balance once per year by selling off a portion of the best performing fund to supplement my dividends and roughly keep my portfolio splits in line. Brokerage is only around $10 anyway – with over $10K of ETFs, you save this much on the reduced MER by holding VTS + VEU anyway.
VGS is domiciled in Australia which is a bit of a bonus. This means you won’t need to fill out a W8BEN form for tax compliance with the IRS like you have to with the VTS+VEU combo.
Finally, the last consideration is control. Personally, I like the idea of separating my portfolio into Australian, US and international funds. I feel this gives me greater control over portfolio, and I can target the market I think I can get the most value out of, or which I think is the least risk based on my portfolio splits. Yes – this might be considered ‘fiddling’ but I somehow get a kick out of buying ETFs when a particular market is down. US market goes down the most – I buy VTS. Aus market goes down the most – I buy A200. I’m not sure this is exactly how ‘value investing’ works, but it seems to be working well for me so far.
Vanguard International Shares MSCI Index fund (ASX:VGS) is an Exchange Traded Fund which tracks the MSCI World (ex-Australia) index to provide Australian investors with exposure to global stock markets. It is run by the worlds most trusted provider of ETFs (Vanguard). The ETF alone holds over (AUD) $2.2 Billion of some of the worlds biggest names such as Apple, Amazon and Microsoft, and is part of Vanguards wider international fund pool of nearly AUD $20 Billion. VGS holds 1547 individual global stocks, and has a Management Expense Ratio (MER) of .18% or 18 basis points.
Whilst I never provide financial advice or a recommendations to buy or sell any financial products or individual shares, I personally think that VGS could be a great, simple, no fuss option for international exposure for a long term investor wanting to build a simple portfolio using only a few ETFs. Personally I do not invest in VGS for my Financial Independence portfolio, and instead go with a VTS + VEU split in line with my investing strategy.
Do you invest in Vanguards VGS ETF, or have you been thinking about it? Leave a comment and let me know your thoughts!